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The Best Way to Build a Skincare Routine

Categories: March 09, 2018 | Posted by Mukti

 The Best Way to Build a Skincare Routine

To some extent, having a flawless complexion may be due to a genetic lucky dip, but your daily habits also have a massive impact on the reflection staring back at you. With a multitude of options and goop up for grabs, the process of a simple skin care routine can be a bamboozling affair. Looking after your skin is a personal affair but knowledge is power when it comes to sorting through all the noise. 

FOur simple rituals:

  1. Cleanse – Take off the daily grime and build up
  2. Tone – Balance and align your acid mantle
  3. Nourish – Hydrate and moisturise
  4. Protect – From external influences and the elements 

The overall goal is to tweak your routine to the seasons and as you age, to fortify your skin to ensure your complexion can withstand the ravages of time and external factors. Your skin requirements will continue to evolve so tune in to any noticeable changes and make necessary modifications.

While the science behind skincare products has vastly improved, there’s no such thing as miraculous cure or overnight fix. You need to allow a realistic time frame and a consistent routine to notice any visible results and for long term change to occur. Aim for a minimum of four to six weeks with a vigilant routine and twice daily application of the following steps. 

CLEANSING

Twice a day morning and night to remove buildup of pollutants, grime and oil is the first and most crucial step. The role of a cleanser is not to make your face feel like a dried-out dish cloth but to gently clean and prepare the surface of your skin for the goodness to follow.

SKIN TYPE

CLEANSER TYPE

WHAT IT DOES

Oily or active skin Gentle foaming The surfactants should be mild and break down sebum and remove impurities. Avoid highly alkaline products and abrasives. Balancing Foaming Cleanser.
Dry and irritated skin Creamy hydrating Contains emollients and nourishing oils that will remove impurities yet leave your skin hydrated. Hydrating Cleansing Lotion.
Sensitive Oil based or micelle waters Free from surfactants and light weight in texture.
Mature Rich balms or butters
Used with or without water as a salve. Melts into the skin and has a soothing impact whilst dissolving makeup and dirt.
All Skin Types Micellar water Soap free and contains molecules that attract debris and oil without creating dryness. Micellar water does not necessarily require rinsing.

TONING

This step is about balancing and restoring the acid mantle after cleansing. If you use a fluffed out cotton wipe, it can also remove any further residue that may remain on the surface of your skin. Toners should be hydrating and not overly astringent, alcohol based or drying (80s flashback).

Although still considered optional in some circles, their functionality is to assist with the delivery of additional nutrients and support the absorption of nourishing products layered on top. Toners should be thought of as a nutrient boost for your complexion. Look for formulas that contain soothing, calming hero ingredients and organic plant based hydrosols like rose, chamomile, jasmine, Neroli, witch hazel (if oily and congested), green tea, antioxidants and vitamins. Apply by spritzing onto the face or pour a few drops into the palm of your hands, gently rub your hands together and pat onto your face. For normal to dry use the Rose Blossom Hydrating Mist Toner and for oily to combination, use the Neroli Blossom Balancing Mist Toner.

SERUMS & ELIXIRS

Think of these as your skin allies. They are potent doses of concentrated actives that work on correction and protection addressing issues ranging from wrinkles to sun damage and pollution. Look for formulations that assist with strengthening the barrier function of the skin and contain reparative and skin rejuvenating ingredients like antioxidants, hyaluronic acid, peptides, Vitamins A, C, E and Niacinamide. Our Age Defiance Collection has you covered when it comes to meticulously researched ingredients and synergistic formulas that deliver results.

basic guidelines when applying serums:

  1. Always read labels and instructions carefully. 
  2. Different formulations have specific functions and may be suitable for spot treatment. 
  3. Always layer and apply products skin care products one by one rather than mix into a moisturiser.
  4. Vitamin C serums with antioxidants are for day and warding off pollutants and UV damage.
  5. Vitamin A serums are for night as they are unstable and can degrade if applied during the day.

FACIAL OILS

Face oils should contain essential fatty acids. Benefits include hydration and balancing, brightening and evening out the complexion and calming redness and irritation. Avoid strong essential oil synergies on your face. Oils can be incorporated by layering before or after you apply a serum and prior to applying a moisturiser. You can also use them on their own. For maximum penetration and spreadability, apply to skin that is slightly damp and press onto the face, neck and décolletage.

NOURISH

Creams and moisturisers are designed to soften and hydrate the skin by preventing Transepidermal water loss (TEWL). As we age our skin loses its ability to retain moisture and our natural oil production slows down. The addition of plant based oils containing essential fatty acids is paramount for protection and to ward of the impact of ageing. The suitability and texture of a moisturiser is dependent on your skin type.   

SKIN TYPE

MOISTURISER  TYPE

WHAT IT DOES

Oily or active skin Gel base Contains water or plant based hydrosols that are light weight and low in molecular structure to penetrate the skin and absorb readily. Balancing or Aloe Moisturiser.
Normal to Combination Light lotion Contains light emollients that are more nourishing than a gel base. It absorbs easily without leaving a residue or film. Hydrating Moisturiser.
Dry Cream or heavier lotion This contains more oils and emollients and butters and has a thicker texture. Marigold Hydrating Creme.
Sensitive Balm or thick cream It has a heavier texture and consists of oils and waxes that will protect the skin whilst still allowing it to breathe.  Antioxidant Facial Oil or Marigold Hydrating Creme.

DAY TIME - NOURISH & PROTECT

Moisturisers and creams that are applied during the day should protect your skin from external factors and the environment and should contain sunscreen in the form of broad-spectrum zinc oxide that has a lightweight non-greasy consistency. Without a doubt, daily sunscreen is a crucial skin care product that prevents fine lines, wrinkles, textural imperfections and protects the skin from the ravages of UVA and UVB radiation and skin cancers. Apply sunscreen 30 minutes prior to exposure and then reapply every two hours. A dollop the size of a teaspoon should be adequate protection for your face and neck. Remember to use protection all the way out to the sides of your face and include your ears. I like to use the Vital C serum prior to applying Tinted Moisturiser with Sunscreen. If you're not heading to the beach, SPF 15 is ample.

NIGHT TIME - NOURISH & FORTIFY

At night, your skin is essentially "detoxing”. A lightweight serum containing retinols plus a few drops of oil containing antioxidants and essential fatty acids should be sufficient. These ingredients should work on increasing cellular turnover and assist with repair and regeneration rather than smothering your skin with a thick, heavy cream. A combination of the Age Defiance Night Serum and a few drops of Antioxidant Facial Oil are perfect vegan skin care for feeding and rejuvenating your skin at night.

 EYE SERUMS AND GELS

These are specifically designed to target specific concerns like wrinkles, crow’s feet dark circles and puffiness. The skin in the eye area is different to the rest of your face and is very fine and delicate so ingredients need to be gentle yet effective. Peptides and antioxidants are ideal. Avoid any strong retinoids in this area as well as fragranced products that can cause irritation and sensitivity. Fragrance free skin care is perfectly suited for this area. If under 35 opt for the Rosehip Eye Gel. Over 35+ use the Age Defiance Eye Serum morning and night. A small bottle should last 4-6 months.

MASQUES

These are booster or treatment products that have concentrated ingredients designed to address specific concerns that are delivered under occlusion to assist with penetration and absorption. They should be used in moderation, 1-2 applications a week. Clay and mud based masks absorb oil and mildly exfoliate. You can also use to target areas. Sheet masks contain lots of actives and perfumes and can be drying and irritating so thoroughly scrutinise the ingredient list. Apply masks after cleansing, toning and applying a serum and moisturise after removing. Our Antioxidant Hydrating Masque is suitable for all skin types. it deeply cleanses and restores the skin whilst adding moisture.

IRRITATED SKIN

Quite often irritated and sensitised skin is the result of overzealous treatment and abuse from harsh cleansers and exfoliants to acids and chemical peels with sensitising ingredients. The best treatment is to bring your skin back to baseline and pare your routine back. Stick with the basics as well as simple formulations combined with a gentle skin care routine. 
If your skin is red and irritated follow these protocols. 
  1. Discontinue using the product and remove the source of irritation.
  2. Use a cold-water compress. Apply to the face and pulse points on the inside of wrists.
  3. Steep a few green tea bags and then chill and apply as a compress. Green tea contains the polyphenol EGCG (Epigallocatechin gallate) that has an immediate soothing and calming effect on the skin.
  4. Apply an oatmeal mask which consists of blended oats with water. Make a paste and spread onto your skin. Allow to dry then rinse off and pat dry.
  5. Follow with a light oil or aloe vera to hydrate and protect.

interested in finding out more? leave a comment on your skin routine and be in the running to win a free copy of my upcoming book Truth in Beauty.

congratulations to CINDY who wins $250 worth of Mukti products this month and to all who signed up to b-school, well done and enjoy!  whilst MY LAST POST wasn't strictly skincare related, I'm aware that a lot of readers are interested in starting or improving their own business.

Mukti

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Mukti (/MOOKH tee/) spiritual liberation from fears, ignorance and false knowledge.
My mission is to reconnect people back to nature, creating health and happiness via toxin free lifestyles and beauty regimes. To work together towards a safe and sustainable future where we no longer need to certify our food and products. Click here to sign up and receive 15% off your first order. Signing up and commenting on our blog posts enters you into our monthly draw to receive $150 worth of products of your choice.