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Beauty / Our Products | 10.02.2017

Top 10 tips for dry and dehydrated skin

 

Is your skin dry or dehydrated and if so, what’s the difference?  

It can be confusing to work out whether your skin is dry, dehydrated or both.  

Dry skin is generally referred to as a SKIN TYPE and simply means that your skin is producing insufficient oil. It’s usually a genetic predisposition, particularly if you’re fair/Caucasian.  

As you age, your oil production naturally starts to slow down and your skin produces less oil. Internal factors, medications, illness and deficiencies within the body can also contribute to dry skin. It presents as irritated, itchy, red, blotchy, rough, flaky, peeling, cracked with a general feeling of tightness and some premature aging and wrinkles.

Dehydrated skin is a SKIN CONDITION and refers to loss of moisture from your epidermis – the outermost layer of your skin. Lifestyle is a major contributor –  late night boozing, puffing on ciggies, sun worshipping, not enough H2O, artificial heating and cooling, crappy diet and hot showers.  

Top that off with an incorrect prescription or usage of skincare products and regimes – cleansers you’d be better off washing your dishes with, over-exfoliating with harsh scrubs, toners that are more astringent than your mother-in-law's tongue and your complexion's going to end up being as dry as a chip. 

Moisture evaporates readily through the skin. If your skin looks dull, tight and lacks radiance, it’s likely dehydrated. It presents as taut, scaly and shiny, with a few superficial lines, wrinkles and signs of premature aging due to loss of elasticity and flexibility. You can also experience minor breakouts and blemishes. Craptastic! 

Without adequate hydration, your skin has very little protection against environmental ravages.  

Let's get a bit sciencey

The epidermis is made up of flattened dead keratinocytes (cells) that shed every few days. These are replaced by the deeper skin layers as they continue to move towards the surface of the skin. The "glue” that binds the keratinocytes is formed by lipids (oils) like cholesterol, fatty acids and ceramides. This layer waterproofs and protects the skin and reduces TEWL (trans-epidermal water loss) that regulates moisture.

If the skin isn’t producing sufficient oil, cell turnover slows down and the ability for the skin to maintain moisture and hydration is severely compromised. 

The acid mantle (aptly named due to its acidic pH) also plays a part in the skin's barrier function. The mantle is formed by secretions from the sebaceous (oil) and sudoriferous (sweat) glands. It protects and prevents the growth of fungi and bacteria and maintains the cellular glue. If the acid mantle is disrupted, the surface of the skin becomes more alkaline and loses its protective properties. It’s the fine balance of perspiration and lipids that maintain healthy skin. 

In summer months, there’s generally more humidity in the air, which is better for the skin (not the hair). In winter the air is drier and combined with wind and cold it tends to strip the skin of its natural barrier function. It can be problematic for dry and dehydrated skin.   

My top ten tips for dry skin and dehydrated skin

  1. Cleanse morning and night with our hydrating cleanser, which is cream-based and free from harsh surfactants. Use lukewarm water as opposed to hot water when washing off.
  2. Alkalise your system by starting the day with a large glass of water with a good squeeze of fresh lemon juice. 
  3. Use a thick creamy moisturiser or oil. I recommend a combination of our marigold hydrating crème and our antioxidant facial oil 3-6-9 in your skin care regime. They have a high amount of hydrating and balancing essential fatty acids (EFA’s). You’d use the marigold creme during the day and the oil in addition to your moisturiser, serums or elixirs. These products help to repair damage and restore hydration by replicating the skin's natural barrier function. When applying these two products use our floral hydrating mist toner first as this will assist with penetration, plumping and uptake. You’ll also use less product.
  4. Use our 2-in-1 exfoliant two to three times per week. It has both "chemical” indigenous lime extracts (in the form of AHA’s - alpha hydroxy acids) and physical exfoliators including biodegradable bamboo and jojoba esters. Avoid over-exfoliating and rubbing. You only need to use your fingertips with gentle circular pressure.
  5. Rebuild and repair your skin matrix with your diet and nutrition. Increase EFA’s (omega 3 and 6), add a big splash of flaxseed oil to your smoothie, porridge or salads. Other sources of good fats include coconut and olive oils, nuts, seeds, avocados and wild farmed fatty fish such as tuna, salmon, mackerel, sardines, herring and trout.
  6. Increase the moisture in the air with a humidifier in the drier winter months to offset heating. Avoid overuse of air conditioners and artificial heating.
  7. Limit alcohol, coffee, caffeinated and sugary soft drinks and sodas. These all have a diuretic impact on the body. Opt for water. It’s the only fluid you need. If you get bored with your beverages, add a bit of kefir to your mornings and Kombucha on the rocks in the afternoons.
  8. Avoid makeup wipes which can be very astringent and drying and usually contain a heap of other nasties. 
  9. Cut out processed foods and packet foods that are high in sugar and hydrogenated trans fats.
  10. Use our deep cleanse antioxidant masque once a week acts as a treatment to balance and detox the skin.  

The skin's ability to retain and attract water will re-establish itself when the waterproof barrier is repaired. As with food, when you choose organic skincare products that are chemical free, they’ll feed and nurture your skin topically by delivering and providing nutrition.

The skin requires both oil and water to stay hydrated. Plant based oils and lipids are easily and readily absorbed as their molecular structure has a natural affinity with the skins own sebum. 

DO YOU HAVE ANY TIPS YOU’VE INCORPORATED INTO YOUR DIET OR SKINCARE REGIME THAT YOU’D LIKE TO SHARE?

@bymukti

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